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中英社评/有必要收紧学校防疫抗疫措施

admin2022-09-208

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  疫情快速升温,新学年即将开始,学校防疫工作成为市民关注的焦点。学校抗疫责任重、挑战多,教育局已发出一系列指引,让学校、家长、学生有所遵从,接下来需要密切关注疫情变化,及时调整抗疫措施。但校园并非孤立的存在,校园抗疫其实是全港抗疫的一部分,只有全社会的安全,才会有校园的安全;只有人人为抗疫出一分力,学生的福祉才有保障。

  本港确诊个案连日在高位徘徊,前日逼近一万大关,破万只是时间问题。在此大背景下开始新学年,校方和家长的心情是矛盾的,一方面对疫情发展感到忧虑,担心学生安全;另一方面,过去两年多学校无法正常运作,学生是最大的受害群体之一。学校、家长和学生都不希望「走回头路」,再以网课替代面授。教育局为此发出新指引,即维持半日面授,学生每日快测,并在开学前两日实施;接送低年级学生的家长进入校园须扫安心出行,「黄码」家长不准进入校园。应该说,这些指引符合目前的现实,也符合家长和社会的期望。

  但疫情是动态的,教育部门的应对必然是动态的。半日面授是基准,全日授课是目标,这个大方向没有错,但在目前情况下,适当收紧抗疫措施是必要的。譬如需要脱口罩的课外活动,是否需要暂停?譬如九成以上师生打齐两针,就可以申请全日面授,是否需要提高至打齐三针?又譬如在什么情况下,学校需要停止面授?教育部门要有底线思维,做最坏打算,作最好准备。拟定好多套剧本,发出清晰指引,学校、家长和学生有章可循,则不管疫情怎样变化,都可以从容应对。

  校园是社会的一部分,校园抗疫做得好,对全社会抗疫有重要启示意义。反过来说,全港抗疫做得好,校园抗疫也差不到哪里去。过去两年多来,校园疫情不断,但基本上是零星个案,没有出现大规模、连锁性爆发,证明校园抗疫做得好,传播链被迅速切断。仔细观察,学生个案其实并非源自校园,而是从家庭或社会上受到感染,某程度上,校园是受害者。这一事实提醒大家,校园安全的前提,是全社会保持安全;如果社会面疫情恶化,指望校园百毒不侵不切实际。

  所以说,大家关注校园抗疫,更应以身作则,先做好个人的抗疫。这就包括:没有打针或未打齐针的家长,应该尽快打针;若孩子尚未打针或未打齐针,家长应尽快安排孩子打针。「一老一幼」的疫苗接种率较低,是香港抗疫的软肋,尤其半岁以上、3岁以下幼童的接种率刚及一成,必须加把劲。还有,家长每日快测,有助保障孩子安全;若家庭爆疫,学生需要及时上报,让校方快速因应。

  关心学生安全不是一句空话,校园安全有赖全社会的共同努力。教育部门严阵以待,积极应对,值得肯定。但全社会都有共同责任。特区政府近日推出新一轮抗疫措施,出席8人以上宴会的市民需提供快测证明,但有食客为避快测「六亲不认」,部分食肆也因为「嫌麻烦」和得失客人而抱怨「执行难」。然而,如果不收紧抗疫措施,不控制疫情上升的速度,结果只会人人受害,香港在这方面的教训还不够深刻吗?为了保障校园安全、学生福祉,为了不走抗疫回头路,全社会必须团结一心,同舟共济,渡过难关。

  2022-08-30

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It is necessary to tighten epidemic prevention and control measures in schools

  The epidemic situation is deteriorating rapidly. As a new academic year is about to kick off, anti-epidemic work in schools become a focus of public concern. Schools have heavy duties and face many challenges in the anti-epidemic battle. The Education Bureau (EB) has already issued a series of guidelines for schools, parents and students to follow. Afterwards, attention must be given to changes in the situation so as to adjust anti-epidemic measures accordingly in time. However, schools do not exist in isolation, and anti-epidemic work on campuses in fact is part of Hong Kong's anti-epidemic effort. Only when whole society is safe, can schools be safe. Only when everyone contributes to the anti-epidemic effort, can students' well-being be protected.

  The number of confirmed cases in Hong Kong remains high in the past days, approaching 10,000 the day before yesterday. It is just a matter of time before it exceeds 10,000. It is against this backdrop that a new school year starts. School authorities and parents have conflicting feelings. On the one hand, they are concerned with the development of the epidemic situation and worry about students' safety. On the other hand, schools have not been able to operate normally for over two years with students becoming one of the biggest victimized groups. Schools, parents and students all do not want to "backtrack" and replace face-to-face classes with online ones. For this, EB has issued new guidelines. Half-day face-to-face class arrangements will be maintained. Students must take a rapid antigen test (RAT) daily, and the first test must be taken two days before school starts. Parents escorting children to and from school must swipe the "LeaveHomeSafe" application to gain entry into school campuses, and parents with an Amber Code are banned from entry. It should be said that such guidelines accord with the present reality and meet the expectation of parents and society.

  However, the epidemic situation is dynamic, so education authority's response must also be dynamic. Half-day face-to-face classes are the benchmark while full-day classes the goal. Nothing is wrong with such an orientation. But under the current circumstances, it is necessary to properly tighten anti-epidemic measures. For example, should extracurricular activities that require students to take off face masks be suspended for the time being? As another example, a school could apply for resuming full-day face-to-face learning if 90 per cent or more of its teachers and students have received two doses of vaccines. Should the requirement be tightened to three-dose vaccination? As yet another example, under what circumstance should a school give up face-to-face classes?  The education authority must have bottom-line thinking and visualise worst-case scenarios while making the best preparations. It should prepare various scenarios and issue unambiguous guidelines in time so that there are rules for schools, parents and students to follow. Then, they could calmly cope with it no matter how the epidemic situation changes.

  Schools are a part of society. A well-done epidemic prevention job in schools has important significance of illumination for whole society's battle against the virus. And vice versa, if the epidemic prevention work in the whole of Hong Kong is well done, then the work in schools won't be done so badly either. In the past two years or so, outbreaks of the epidemic has been reported in schools from time to time, but basically in small-scales and with sporadic cases. There have been no large-scale outbreaks nor any domino effect, which proves schools have done well in fighting the virus to promptly cut off its transmission chains. Looking more closely, the infected students did not get the infection on campus but were infected by family members or in society. To a certain extent, schools are a victim. This fact reminds us that maintaining safety in whole society is a prerequisite for campus safety. If the epidemic situation in society deteriorates, it would be unrealistic to expect schools to be invulnerable to the virus.

  Therefore, if we care about epidemic prevention in schools, we ourselves must set a good example by devoting personal efforts to epidemic prevention in the first place. Such as: those parents who have not received either one or all three doses of vaccines should rush to get vaccinated; and parents should make arrangements for their children to get vaccinated as promptly as possible. The low vaccination rate for both the elderly and children is a weakness in Hong Kong's anti-epidemic effort. In particular, the vaccination rate for children aged under three is just about 10 per cent, so more efforts should be devoted in this regard. Moreover, parents taking RAT everyday would help protect their children's safety. If there is an outbreak in a family, the student(s) in the family must report it in time so that school authorities concerned could react promptly.

  Caring about students' safety is no empty talk. Campus safety depends on whole society's joint efforts. The education authority is on the alert and combat-ready and prepared to react proactively, which is praiseworthy. But whole society has a common responsibility. The SAR Government has recently launched a new round of anti-epidemic measures including requiring diners at a banquet with eight people or more to show proof of a negative RAT. But to avoid taking the test, some diners pretend that they do not know the relatives or friends in company with them. Some restaurants also complain that "the measure is too difficult to implement" just because they think it troublesome and do not want to offend their customers. However, if anti-epidemic measures are not tightened to check the escalation of the epidemic situation, everyone will fall prey to it in the end. Isn't the lesson we have learned in this regard not profound enough? In order to protect school safety and students' well-being, in order not to backtrack in our anti-epidemic campaign, whole society must get united as one and join efforts to weather the storm of the epidemic.

  30 August 2022

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